Hydraulic fracturing is a very water intensive process, using an estimated 3 to 5 million gallons of Frac fluid per individual well with water accounting for over 90% of the solution. However, fracking leaves billions of gallons of wastewater every year and regulations are in place that require Frac fluid to be collected and disposed of in an approved manner. While some companies reuse the wastewater from Frac ponds/tanks, others utilize water treatment facilities.
Frac ponds are convenient and affordable, making for a very appealing solution. Unfortunately, they do have a downside. Frac ponds can overflow during strong rains, leading to environmental consequences and potential fines. Also, frac pond liners can leak causing environmental concerns as well as the potential to not have enough fluid for the next Frac job. Therefore, monitoring Frac pond level is critical.